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Brain drain threat

The brain drain is a tough nut for developing countries to crack because it creates intellectual shortages by depriving the country of its bright people. These geniuses use their energies and talents to serve the interests of the country to which they immigrate to fulfill their personal ambitions and lifelong aspirations. Laden industrialized countries have more job opportunities than cash-strapped non-industrialized ones that entice their miserable inhabitants to leave their homeland with a ray of hope of a bright future. Well-established states make room for these intellectuals to absorb the talent of fledgling nations already facing many complex situations. Urbanized countries in the past plundered the wealth of fragile nations under the guise of monstrous colonialism and have now framed the WTO for elegantly plundering their resources. But more important than economic exploitation and political marginalization is the continued dispossession of these unfortunate countries of the assets of their talented people through Machiavellian techniques of tinsel and gold foil. This one-way flow of progress has nurtured the fat countries by making the intellectual field of the emerging nations bleak and sterile. It is crystal clear that only the bright lights and the salts of the earth can free their homelands from the quagmire of intricate national problems to advance by leaps and bounds.

Endless ambitions and unemployment force people to leave their homeland to settle where they can get jobs and well-paid wages. The volatile law and order situation also results in the exodus of educated people. Authoritarian regimes that restrict freedom of expression and suppress domestic liberties in order to firmly grasp the reins of power are also a major cause of the sap of brainpower. Favoritism, nepotism and sleaze shatter the people’s trust in institutions.

These bad practices generate frustration in the competent members of the community by trampling on meritocracy. A country where merit is thrown to the sharks to feed dishonesty cannot make any headway in the whirlwind of the contemporary melting pot. These unfair practices push gifted natives to try their luck elsewhere where they see a glimmer of anticipation for due esteem and an outstanding career.

Thousands of doctors, engineers, CPAs, teachers, and other skilled members from developing countries work like a beaver to sit for professional entrance exams in America, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and European countries. These well-aligned countries select the bright candidates and push the rest back to their home countries while the sugar cane juice machine dumps the garbage after squeezing the juice. People who are smiled at by opportunities spare no effort to settle permanently in wealthy states. Some of them are left with no choice but to arrange a genuine or fake paper marriage to gain nationality. Dozens of them use unfair means to acquire false documents to escape the clutches of law enforcement agencies. Thus, the skinny countries from which these connoisseurs are educated are left abandoned and dried up, continually adding to the melancholies of their citizens as a result of the vicious circle of brain drain. The nation-states where they emigrate squeeze every last grain of energy to pay them dazzling dollars, pounds and euros. Thus, the brilliance and warmth of glowing coins permanently ensnare over-ambitious individuals from fleeced countries.

They never slipped out of the cocoon of this illusory trap that did not allow them to think about the miseries and agonies of their compatriots scrapping the bottom of the barrel. The illustrious poet Allama Iqbal appropriately attributed:

Nazar ko kheera karti hai chamak tehzib hazir ki

Ye sannai magar jhoote nigoon ki reza kari hai.

(The extravagance of contemporary civilization attracts the eyes, this craft is nothing more than the decoration of counterfeit pearls.)

In all developed countries the social status of specialists is very high. They are called men of the brain and the governments give them due respect and hefty salaries so that these geniuses serve the interests of their country with devotion, standing firm. But in most developing countries, the social status of bureaucrats, politicians and tin hats is tremendously high. Various professionals sacrifice their line of work by joining authority related jobs or emigrating to wealthy countries triggering a rampant cut-throat phase of intelligence consumption. It is the social structures based on power that force people to change their vocation. Some of the newly hired officials begin calculating the money they can make through dishonest means even before joining the position. Due to this gloomy scenario, development in these countries is still stagnant.

The salaries of public officials who serve their vested interests rather than the public are no different from those of other government officials of the same rank. But all regimes take it for granted that they would compensate through deception and embezzlement because they have huge public funds at their disposal. Corruption of government officials in Pakistan is as common as water in the Amazon. The prerogatives and privileges enjoyed by the civil and military bureaucracy cannot even be dreamed of by any other profession in the country. Since most bureaucrats marry into wealthy families, they need a huge amount of money to maintain their social status and their salary is just the tip of the iceberg of their huge expenses. Therefore, they are left with no choice but to grease their palms.

The lack of self-sufficiency is the key factor in the perpetual miserable condition of developing countries. They have made a bad mistake to take advantage of the talent of their masses that is essential to develop political and economic sovereignty. Therefore, they have been economically intimidated and politically marginalized in the constellation of nations by the giant nations. The colossal nations practice democracy within their borders but outside their borders they preach egalitarianism but carry out rigorous feudalism to deliberately keep Third World countries in a state of torpor so that they cannot challenge their mandates and frustrate hegemonic designs. in global affairs. They have deliberately created a global economic system based on interest and exploitation that does not allow growing countries to become self-sufficient. Most of the tough states are ruled by despotic rulers coddled by the alligators of the powerful states. Only brilliant people absorbed in patriotism can change the destiny of a nation wrinkled by sloth and sleep, leading them to independence by smashing the alms bowl. The inhabitants of the fledgling nations must hammer into their minds these radiant words:

When the beggars extend their bowl they don’t feel shy,

But they never enjoy the pleasures of independence;

They degrade themselves for a full meal,

Physically they live but morally they die;

The true spirits of life are self-sufficient,

Because the remedies in ourselves often lie.

There is a great institutional decay in developing countries. This wretched state of affairs is best suited to the cultivation of deception, duplicity and double standards in society peppered with scams. The dynamism of the institutions is mandatory to build public confidence in the functions of the State. But in dictatorial states, their despotic rulers ruin institutions to tighten their iron grip on the bristles of authority. These totalitarian tycoons are accountable to no one. They crush nations for their lustful activities. The millions of these unfortunate countries are hoping against hope for an eventual recovery. Thus, autocratic regimes nullify the chances of success for competent people by forcing them to settle in a country where their talent and style would be appreciated. Countries where personalities and pressure groups are more powerful than institutions cannot compete with nations where circumstances are 24 hours a day.

The emigration of intellectual people perpetually generates an intellectual deficit in emerging states that pushes them back. Only geniuses can free nations from intricate dilemmas. Therefore, to ward off the threat of brain drain, there is a pressing need to promote men of brains rather than empower men of strength, which can only worsen an already bleak picture. If the inhabitants of the weedy states want to make any headway in the current turmoil, then they must give due respect, perks and privileges to genuine intellectuals to gird their loins to devotedly serve their destitute nations. In this way the danger of the continuous loss of talent can be warned because it is rightly said that brains like hearts go where they are appreciated. It is mandatory for nations in progress to review all the institutions of their states. While appointing the heads of various institutions, meritocracy should be the paramount criteria rather than focus and corruption because an honest boss can inject vitality into the organization by reducing the danger of rampant sleaze. A civil servant with integrity at the helm can plug the loopholes in the institution through sincere and pragmatic steps. A country suffers dangerously where rampant bribery is socially acceptable because it wears down the moral fabric of the nation. William Shakespeare (1564-1616), English poet and playwright, said precisely in his sonnet 94 (1609):

“Because the sweetest things are made the bitterest by their actions:

Rotting lilies smell much worse than weeds.”

WRITTEN BY

Dr Tanvir Hussain Bhatti

Freelance columnist, poet, and author of books“What plagues Pakistan?” and “Living Fireballs”

HOUSE NO.53, GHAZALI FLATS, GOR-IV, N-BLOCK, MODEL CITY EXTENSION, LAHORE. (Pakistan)

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